At creation Gen. 1:1-21, when God created heaven and earth. At the completion of every day’s work, He looked at what He created and saw that it was good.

When something is good it means it is appropriate, it is beneficent, fit and act that meets purpose, gives pleasure, excellent, satisfactory, right, proper, genuine, an act of kindness.

Therefore, a good deed is an act that is directed to bring about the above listed, and when it’s done towards someone should achieve some of their attributes.

  1. Appropriateness: Gen. 2:9

“And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.”

God looked at the trees and plants he had created pleasant to the sight and good for food. It possesses the desirable qualities that are beneficial. Doing a good deed requires doing what is appropriate and beneficial. Jesus when explaining to the need for us to ask so that we may receive from God in Matthew 7 said

“If you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more your father in heaven will give good to those who ask.”

That is, give the appropriate and beneficent gift to the children – when we say appropriate, it means that it will serve the purpose.

James 2:15-20 “If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? … But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?”

So when we do good it must fit the purpose, it must meet the need. Some of us are more willing to give out what we don’t need, rather than what meets the need.

  1. Morally Excellent – A good deed should be morally excellent, coming from pure and from a pure heart. Moses admonished the children of Israel in Deut. :17

“Do whatever is proper and good before the Lord, so that it may go well with you and that you may enter and occupy the good land that He promised your ancestors.”

Good deeds should be acceptable before God, the opposite of good in the Bible is evil. So, if you are not doing good to your  brother you are doing evil.

Psalm 37:26 “Depart from evil and do good.”

Your deeds tells a lot about your person.

Matt. 7:16-17 “by their fruits you shall know them, do you gather grape from thornbushes? Even so every good tree bears good fruits, but a bad tree bears bad fruits. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit.”

God is particular about our nature and the things we do.

Prov. 12:2 “A good man obtains favour from the LORD, but the LORD condemn a person with wicked schemes.”

Also when the deed or action you present as good are actually meant for evil. Then you are trouble.

Isaiah 5:20 “Those who call evil good and good evil are as good as dead.”

It means that even when you discourage good deeds, you also suffer the same fate.

  1. Kind/Benevolent – Good deeds are acts of kindness which God does not overlook, in Joshua 2, Rahab did an act of kindness which was benevolent to the children of Israel, she hid the spies that came to spy out her country.

In Matthew 26, Mary poured oil on Jesus’ head, in verse 10 “Jesus understood it and said to them, why trouble  the woman, for she has done a good deed on me.

  1. Adequate and Sufficient – Good’s deeds or acts should be adequate and sufficient. In Gen 1:4, God saw the light, and saw that it was good, that is the light was adequate and sufficient. Your action should be able to close the gap. In Gen. 2:18

“And the Lord said it is not good that the man should be alone, I will make him and help meet for him.”

  1. Pleasure/gladness of Heart – A good deed brings pleasure to the beneficiary, makes them happy. 1 Kings 8:66

Our good deeds are expected to meet these criteria, what are your motives for good work?